Week 18 - "Mishpatim" (מִּשְׁפָּטִים‬, Hebrew for "laws")

[Torah Portion]
Exodus 21:1-24:18

Comments about this week's Torah Portion

The meaning of this week's Parsha (Mishpatim "מִּשְׁפָּטִים‬") is Hebrew for "laws/judgement" and it is the eighteenth weekly Torah portion (parashah, פָּרָשָׁה‬) in the annual cycle of Torah reading and the sixth in the Book of Exodus.

Even though I've spent a lot of time in this part of the Bible recently, I still hear and learn so many different points of view when I attend my weekly Shbbat Live Hangouts because the Word of God is Alive![1]

[Prophets - Haftarah]
2 Kings 12:1-16; Isaiah 6:1-5; Jeremiah 33:20-26; 34:8-22;
Ezekiel 1:26-28; 8:1,2; Daniel 7:9,10; 10:5,6; Amos 2:9;
Zechariah 11:10-14

Comments about this week's Haftarah Portion

There was a lot of jumping around in regards to the times of the events in this week's Haftarah, I notied a few different overall themes:

  • Breaking of the covenant:
    Most of the portions from the prophets spoke of how his people broke their end of the covenant - over and over again.

  • Restitution and Restoration:
    There were sections of the portions, that went over how different things were to be restored through restitution (ie. the temple, his covenant people)

  • God's perfect promises:
    There is a lot of imagery of who God is and what He is like in the passages. When you look at what God had in store for us (his people) despite the fact that we deeply hurt him, he still keeps promises. Even though it meant that Yeshua having to go on the Cross. He would have broken his own laws about marriage covenants (see sections 1-5) if he did it any other way.

[New Testament - Brit Hadasha]
Matthew 5:38-42; 12:1-21; 17:1-11; 26:14-16;
Mark 7:6-9; Luke 9:51-56; 10:30-37;
Acts 23:1-11; Hebrews 9:15-22, 10:28-39;
James 1:27; Revelation 1:13-15; 21:1-14

Comments about this week's portion from the Brit Hadasha

This week was so intersting! These days unfortunately, due to the mindset of dispensationalism (I've covered this in an earlier post), most church going Christians say that there is no longer a need to keep God's Laws or "the law", because Jesus set us free from the law. Most of them would ask why would anyone put themselves back under the law and that the law leads to death... that we can't earn our salvation through our works and that we're dead to the law. I love how James 2 20:-26[2] points to this weeks Torah portion; because when we keep and live out the law under grace (through what Yeshua did), we not only are set apart, we also show the world who our God is and it is so awesome to be a part of!

I hope this study has blessed you. Remember to always test everything!

~ Shalom


  1. Hebrews 4:12 - "For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart." ↩︎

  2. James 2:20-26 - "But are you willing to recognize, you foolish fellow, that faith without works is useless? Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar? You see that faith was working with his works, and as a result of the works, faith was perfected; and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness,” and he was called the friend of God. You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone. In the same way, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way? For just as the body without the spirit is dead, so also faith without works is dead." ↩︎